The best hard drive disaster recovery procedure is preventing hard disk failure in the first place. Some prevention tips for hard disk failure are provided below.
Buy Good Quality Hard Drives
The first general tip in preventing hard drive failure is to buy only good quality hard drives. Avoid the cheap and no-name hard drives as these will fail quickly and usually do not function well when they are running.
Backup Hard Disk Drives Often
Another very basic tip to avoid hard drive disaster recovery is to always back up your hard drive. This can be done using a number of different types of media such as data tapes, optical media, or an external hard drive. With a thorough up-to-date backup of your hard drive, hard disk failure will cause no or only minimal loss of information. Always verify that the backup was properly performed.
Defragment Hard Drives Often
To facilitate hard drive disaster recovery, it is a good tip to defragment the hard drive often. If a hard drive is defragmented, then when failure does occur, information retrieval will be easier because defragmenting rearranges files so that they are back in order. This makes the files easier to reconstruct.
Use Computer in a Dust-Free Environment
Your computer should be kept and used in an area that is dry, away from sunlight, and clean. Avoid dusty areas as much as possible and ensure the area around the computer is kept clean and free of debris. Also, avoid hot areas. It is best that the computer is not used in an enclosed warm area.
Do Not Move Computer When it is On
Never move a computer when it is on and especially when the hard drive is in use. The movement may cause the read heads to contact the hard disk surfaces leading to physical damage to the disk and loss of data.
Virus Protection is Very Important
Hard disk disaster recovery procedures are often required because of viruses that find their way onto the hard disk in the computer. Therefore, a very important prevention tip for hard disk failure is to have good quality and up-to-date anti-virus software on the computer. Always ensure that incoming emails and any portable media (flash sticks, flash cards, optical discs, etc.) are scanned for viruses prior to downloading information to the hard drive from them.
Hard Drive Scan and Bad Sectors
When a bad sector warning appears on a hard drive scan or during normal use, it is an indication of problems with the hard drive and it should be replaced.
Avoid Using a Damaged or Malfunctioning Hard Drive
If a hard disk drive is visibly damaged or not functioning properly, it is a good idea to stop using it. Also, avoid using hard drive recovery utilities when a hard drive is failing because this will make hard drive disaster recovery more difficult.
Leave the Hard Disk Drive Repairs to a Specialist
If problems are encountered with a hard drive, then leave the hard drive disk recovery to a specialist. Attempts to repair a hard disk without the necessary expertise will likely lead to complete loss of the hard drive and information stored on it.
When a good quality hard drive is about 3 to 5 years old, consideration should be given to replacing the drive since the drive is approaching the end of its trouble free period.
Hard drive disaster recovery can be a very expensive process. By following the tips presented above, information loss can be prevented with very little cost.